Gorakhpur is infamous as the National Capital of Japanese Encephalitic (JE). In Uttar Pradesh, the first major JE epidemic occurred in Gorakhpur in 1978 with 1002 cases and 297 deaths reported. In 2005, Uttar Pradesh faced a devastating epidemic outbreak of JE mostly confined to Eastern Uttar Pradesh affecting 6061 cases with 1500 deaths followed by another outbreak in 2006 with 2320 cases and 528 deaths. Similarly JE cases in Uttar Pradesh were confined predominantly in Eastern Uttar Pradesh during 2007 reporting 3024 cases and 645 deaths. From 2008 to 2009 over 1000 deaths of children due to JE was reported from Eastern Uttar Pradesh with majority of cases from Gorakhpur and Maharajganj and other Indo- border districts in Gorakhpur MSS taken the JE Eradication in Mission Mode.
MSS took the JE eradication in the Child Right Perspective (Child Right to Survival and development (UNCRC Article 6)) with the Campaign Motto of “ensure child rights to eradicate epidemics”. MSS also considers the South Asian regional strategic importance of preventing JE in Gorakhpur. MSS gives keen surveillance on the outbreak of JE and does the intervention and outreach in Gorakhpur and Basti Divisions.
The purpose of the project is to develop sustainable community based model in Encephalitis management to reduce incidence of death and disability among children through prevention and early diagnosis of Encephalitis. The project brings into play the approaches like (A) Behavioral changes; empowerment, community participation (B) Institutional & knowledge development, (C) Convergence, (D) Advocacy (E) Networks & linkages and (F) Community based monitoring system. The overriding approach of the project is to ensure multi-stakeholder involvement from planning through implementation to operation and maintenance of sanitation systems and JE surveillance mechanisms. The programme components of JE Eradication Project are : A. Base line Surveys of Project Area. B. Pre project cluster level assemblies. C. TOT and capacity building Programs for community for converting normal mosquito net into medicated mosquito net. D. Capacity Building program of grass root health service providers. E. Regular orientation programs for the Panchayat and Village Health Water and Sanitation Committeea. F. Sanitation drive in villages. F. Advocacy Campaigns.
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